عنوان مقاله [English]
Responsibility is one of the important cultural and social goals of education, which is also emphasized in the teachings of Islam. The important goal of education for educating future generations is to institutionalize the responsibility of individuals to fulfill various responsibilities in their lives in the dimensions of society, family and themselves. The main purpose of this study is to design and validate the optimal model of student responsibility in the elementary school curriculum. This research is applied in terms of purpose and in terms of mixed method is exploratory type, which was used to design the desired model, qualitative method and to validate the proposed model, quantitative method was used. The statistical population for the design of the desired model, the background of internal and external research, theoretical foundations, global experiences and existing models in the field of research, as well as semi-structured interviews with 15 curriculum planning specialists and for the validation of the desired model, consisting of curriculum planning specialists with criteria such as The PhD degree had practical experience as well as writing articles and books in the field of research. Theoretical sampling was purposive and criterion-oriented.The data collection tool was a questionnaire to design the desired model using the Acker model and to validate the proposed model. The method of analysis of the results was descriptive-analytical inference and the synthesis research method and one-sample t-test were used. Based on the face-to-face interview of the target persons, according to the ten elements of Aker from the results of the face-to-face interview, open coding, central coding, selective coding was done, and qualitative content analysis according to Aker's theory with conclusions and obtaining responsibility components based on theoretical foundations. , written and research background was obtained. Then, according to the ten elements of Ekr, synthesis research was done. Finally, the findings show that the ideal model of the responsibility curriculum based on the theoretical foundations and the curriculum consists of three dimensions (social, ethical, legal, environmental and political), main categories (cognitive, emotional, creativity and skill), and the ten elements of Ekr, which according to the experts and curriculum planning experts, the results of the T-test exam of the internal validity evaluation samples of the designed model showed that the opinion of the experts is related to the evaluation with the level of meaning It has a value of 0.001 and at the alpha level of 0.01 it was significantly higher than the average level (P < 0.01), it was recognized as valid. Therefore, in this research, an attempt was made to design a suitable model for the students' responsibility curriculum in such a way that its components have the necessary interaction with each other, and the said model can provide the necessary practical results at the time of implementation, and finally, by validating the model proposed by the experts, showed that according to the curriculum model, especially in the curriculum of students' responsibility, there is a logical connection between the studied areas and the elements of the curriculum.